Gender-free Language


「医者」という主語なり目的語なりを代名詞のheとかhimとかでうけてしまいがちだが、医者が男だと決めてかかっているよ、ということで、性別に関わらないような代名詞を使いましょうという話。タイトルをGender-free Languageにしたが、Gender-Neutral Languageという表記を使うのが一般的だろう。

Biased Language
Studying the techniques by which a celebrated writer achieved his success can stimulate any writer faced with similar problems.
Gender-free Language
Studying the techniques by which celebrated writers achieved their success can stimulate any writer faced with similar problems.
http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/style/genderbias.html


American Sociological AssociationのQuick Style Guideにもそういう記述があった。

Bias-Free and Gender-Neutral Writing Avoid gender bias and ethnic stereotyping in your writing. Use words such as "person," "people," or "humankind rather than "man," "men, or "mankind."
When you must refer to both sexes in a sentence, use "he or she," "her or him," "his or hers" instead of "helshe," "himlher," "hislhers." Vary the gender order on occasion. Also, of course, you can change your subject to plural;"they" is "genderless. "
http://pubpages.unh.edu/~mas2/asa-style-guild.pdf(PDF)


ASAのスタイルガイドの簡易版はこちら


日本でよく使われる「ジェンダーフリー」の言葉の変遷のリンクもついでに