Agnew, THE TECHNIQUES OF NEUTRALIZATION AND VIOLENCE

Agnew, Robert, 1994,
THE TECHNIQUES OF NEUTRALIZATION AND VIOLENCE. 
Criminology, Nov94, Vol. 32 Issue 4, p555-580.


前回は先行文献整理で力尽きたので、今回は要旨。

When cross-sectional data are used, neutralization is most strongly related to violence among those who approve of or are indifferent to violence.
When longitudinal data are used, neutralization is most strongly related to violence among those who disapprove of violence.


暴力行為を許可する人と中和の技法には相関関係がある。

The negative interaction between Neutralization and the Approval of Violence in this analysis may mean that neutralization only causes violence among those who strongly disapprove of violence.


中和の技法と暴力受容の相関に否定的な研究も、中和の技法は暴力を受容しない人(=逸脱しにくい人)にのみ相関関係があると言う。つまり、逸脱をしにくい人こそ、逸脱をした時に中和の技法を活用して自己防衛をしなければならないと言うことだろう。

The longitudinal data are especially important, since researchers have often argued that neutralization may follow delinquency rather than cause delinquency (e.g., Hamiin, 1988).


中和の技法が非行を「起こす」のではなく「続く」ということを示している。直接の因果関係ではないことは重要な点。


ちなみにHamiinの論文は以下。

  • Hatnlin, John, 1988, Hie misplaced concept of rational choice in neutralization theory. Criminology 26:425 -438.

These conditioning effects shed light on the mixed results of previous research, and they help explain why neutralization only has a weak-to-moderate main effect on deviance in many studies.


中和の技法を巡る研究のサマリ。量的データで「中和の技法」で確認できるとのこと。