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Self-Injurers as Loners: The Social Organization of Solitary Deviance.
Adler, Patricia
Adler, Peter adler@colorado.edu 

Source: Deviant Behavior; Jul/Aug2005, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p345-378, 34p

In this paper we examine the social organization of people who deliberately destroy or damage their own body tissue without suicidal intent. Best and Luckenbill (1982) have proposed two typologies of deviance performed by solitary actors: loners, who lack the regular association with fellow deviants and have no membership in a deviant subculture, and individual deviants, who are the actors and objects of their behaviors, yet socialize with others like them. Based on a convenience sample of 40 in-depth interviews with people who self-cut, burn, brand, scratch, bite, and bone-break, we describe and analyze the way their behaviors correspond to and differ from other forms of individual and loner deviance. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Carrying the Weight of Self-Derogation?Disordered Eating Practices as Social Deviance in Young Adults. 
MARTIN, Patricia Yancey
GAILEY, Jeannine A.
MOHAMED, A. Rafik
PROHASKA, Ariane

Deviant Behavior; Jan/Feb2006, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p127-128, 2p

Although there has been some effort to study delinquency among immigrant communities, no attempt has been made to understand the various aspects of delinquency among youths of the immigrant Bangladeshi communities. The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand the nature and contributing factors of deviant/delinquent behavior of youths in a Bangladeshi community in New York City. One central aim of this study is to construct an operational definition of juvenile deviant behavior in a Bangladeshi immigrant community. Delinquent/deviant behavior is explained within the premise of control theory, and cultural and generational gap perspectives. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Deviant Behavior among Youths of an Immigrant Bangladeshi Community in New York City.
Khondaker, Mahfuzul

Criminal Justice Studies; 2005, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p321-333, 13p

Although there has been some effort to study delinquency among immigrant communities, no attempt has been made to understand the various aspects of delinquency among youths of the immigrant Bangladeshi communities. The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand the nature and contributing factors of deviant/delinquent behavior of youths in a Bangladeshi community in New York City. One central aim of this study is to construct an operational definition of juvenile deviant behavior in a Bangladeshi immigrant community. Delinquent/deviant behavior is explained within the premise of control theory, and cultural and generational gap perspectives. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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predicting deviant behavior by neutralization: myths and findings.
Fritsche, Immo

Deviant Behavior; Sep/Oct2005, Vol. 26 Issue 5, p483-510, 28p

Neutralization theory states that deviant behavior is determined by the use of accounts rather than by an individual's acceptance of a social norm. A critical review of neutralization theory shows that (a) neutralization is only a weak predictor of norm-contradictive behavior, (b) high norm-acceptance seems to amplify the neutralization-behavior effect but might not be a prerequisite, and (c) in contrast to Minor's hardening process assumption, prior norm violation should increase impact of neutralization on behavior rather than decrease it. Future directions of neutralization research are suggested, based on a situational analysis of the neutralization process. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Family Rituals and Social Risk Factors for Young Adult African Americans.
Seward, Rudy

Conference Papers -- American Sociological Association; 2005 Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, p1-20, 20p

The family ritual life, social risk factors, and deviant behavior of young adult African American inmates from the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (n=101) and from the Texas college population (n=72) were examined. Descriptives, t-tests, and regression statistics were used to assess possible associations. The incarcerated respondents and the college students experienced similar family rituals while growing up. College students reported higher levels of meaningful family rituals and less deviant behavior than the inmates. Higher levels of meaningful family rituals were not associated with less deviant behavior for either group. Social risk factors were better indicators of deviant behavior than meaningful family rituals. Implications from the findings for family professionals are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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WHEN BEING GOOD IS BAD: AN EXPANSION OF NEUTRALIZATION THEORY.
Topalli, Volkan

Criminology; Aug2005, Vol. 43 Issue 3, p797-836, 40p

Traditional subcultural theorists maintain that offenders operate in an environment in which oppositional norms catering to ethics of violence, toughness and respect dominate the social landscape. Such offenders actively reject middle-class value systems and operate beyond the boundaries of what is considered decent society. In their seminal work introducing Neutralization Theory, Sykes and Matza criticized such subcultural perspectives for overemphasizing the extent to which actors reject mainstream values (1957). They maintained that offenders and delinquents are aware of conventional values, understand that their offending is wrong, and self-talk before offending to mitigate the anticipated shame and guilt associated with violating societal norms. This study analyzes street offender decision making and behavior in an effort to expand that perspective. The analyzed data was taken from interviews of hardcore, active, noninstitutionalized (uncaught) drug dealers, street robbers and carjackers to determine how they neutralize to support their offending. Findings indicate that these offenders strive to protect a self-image consistent with a code of the streets orientation rather than a conventional one. That is, they neutralize being good rather than being bad. This suggests that expanding the scope of neutralization theory beyond the confines of conventional value systems will allow the theory to explain the behavior of a larger group of offenders. It also takes into account the kinds of real-world contextual forces that now influence urban crime. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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About the Authors.

Deviant Behavior; Jul/Aug2005, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p397-398, 2p

Presents information on the contributing authors for the July 2005 issue of the journal "Deviant Behavior."

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The Relationship Between Perceived Violation of Social Norms and Social Control: Situational Factors Influencing the Reaction to Deviance.
Markus Brauer
Chekroun, Peggy

Journal of Applied Social Psychology; Jul2005, Vol. 35 Issue 7, p1519-1539, 21p, 2 charts, 2 graphs

Social control is the generic term for all reactions through which people express their disapproval to someone who engages in a counternormative behavior or who holds a counter-normative attitude. The literature on helping behavior suggests that perceived personal implication should play an important role in the decision of whether or not to exert social control. A field study involving 5 different experimental settings was conducted in order to test this hypothesis. Confederates engaged in a variety of behaviors that violated social norms. Perceived personal implication was consistently the best predictor of social control behavior, such that the more someone felt that a deviant behavior affected him or her personally, the more he or she was likely to communicate his or her disapproval to the deviant confederate. Perceived deviance of the behavior was a less powerful predictor of social control. These findings speak to the moderating factors of social control behavior and to the circumstances under which social norms protecting public property are likely to be perpetuated. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Manifestations of Deviation in the Adolescent Subculture
Sobkin, V.S.
Abrosimova, Z.B.
Adamchuk, D.V.
Baranova, E.V.

Russian Education & Society; Jul2005, Vol. 47 Issue 7, p49-71, 23p

This article seeks to examine the attitudes of students toward types of deviation such as smoking and the use of alcohol and narcotics. It examines issues like: (1) motives that cause adolescents to start smoking, use alcohol and take narcotics; (2) reactions of people who are most closely associated with people who use alcohol and take narcotics, and; (3) the role played by deviation in getting through the crisis of adolescence.

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Disordered and deviant behavior: learning gone awry.
Anderson, W. P.

Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries; Jun2005, Vol. 42 Issue 10, p1902-1902, 1/6p

Book Review

Reviews the book "Disordered and Deviant Behavior: Learning Gone Awry," by Alfred B. Heilburn Jr.

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Deviant Action and Self-Narration: A Qualitative Survey through ATLAS.ti.
Patrizi, Patrizia

Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour; Jun2005, Vol. 35 Issue 2, p171-188, 18p, 4 diagrams

This paper has its roots in qualitative analysis of accounts produced by an Italian serial killer. Theoretical references are related to symbolic interactionism and its developments in the field of psychology and criminology. The whole contribution is aimed to twofold purposes: A) to provide a set of criteria specifically addressed to study deviant action as system of meanings into two related contexts: the single action itself and the whole life history. According this point, paper introduces the concept of“deviant career” and it explains its development and steps; it also provides some psychological social points of views and contributions that scientific works offers. B) to think about potentialities of accounting interviews as powerful tools in clinical practice and empirical research too. Specifically, we discuss narrative about behaviour and life story as a resource in order to take suggestions about meanings, goals and rules of action. It also suggests something about functions that crime discharges in the whole pathway of one's life. Juridical case analysis, run by means of the software ATLAS.ti, is aimed to demonstrate theoretical reasoning proposed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Automatic effects of deviancy cues on creative cognition.
FÖrster, Jens
Friedman, Ronald S.
Butterbach, Eva B.
Sassenberg, Kai

European Journal of Social Psychology; May2005, Vol. 35 Issue 3, p345-359, 15p

Three experiments test the existence of an automatic deviancy-creativity link. Using a lexical decision task, in Experiment 1 we found a semantic link between deviancy and creativity words in that decision times for creativity-related words were enhanced after subliminal deviancy priming. In Experiment 2, participants were led to think about either a punk or an engineer and afterwards were administered creative insight and analytical reasoning problems. According to a pretest, punks and engineers were judged as differing in uniqueness but not in creativity. Participants given ‘punk’ priming solved more creative insight problems and fewer analytical reasoning problems than those given ‘engineer’ priming. In Experiment 3, participants were incidentally exposed to abstract artworks symbolically expressing either the concept of conformity or deviancy and were subsequently asked to solve a creative generation task. Exposure to the artwork representing deviancy led to generation of more creative solutions than exposure to that representing conformity. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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about the authors.
MOORE, Ryan
FORSYTH, Craig J.
DAVILA, Mario A.
EVANS, Rhonda D.

Deviant Behavior; May/Jun2005, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p295-296, 2p

Presents information about the authors appearing in the May 2005 issue of the journal "Deviant Behavior." Research interest of Mario A. Davila; Position held by Rhonda D. Evans at Texas A&M University; Educational attainment of Craig J. Forsyth; Publication works by Ryan Moore.

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Moral/non-moral domain shift in young adolescents in relation to delinquent behaviour.
Leenders, Ineke
Brugman, Daniel

British Journal of Developmental Psychology; Mar2005, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p65-79, 15p, 6 charts

Because moral transgressions are considered more serious than non-moral (i.e. conventional or personal) transgressions, it is less threatening to self-esteem to interpret one's own delinquent act as a non-moral transgression rather than a moral transgression. This 'domain shift' could be a way of reducing cognitive dissonance. It was expected that adolescents who report a certain category of delinquent behaviour would evaluate hypothetical transgressions in the same category as more non-moral than would adolescents who did not report that category of delinquent behaviour. A group of 278 students from the first (M(age=13.1), second (M(age) =14.3) and third (M(age)=15.2) grade of intermediate secondary schools in the Netherlands participated in the research. The results showed a domain shift from the moral towards non-moral domains in the evaluation of hypothetical situations about delinquent behaviour reported by the adolescent. At the same time, this domain shift did not occur in situations concerning delinquent behaviour not reported by the adolescent, even when delinquent behaviour occurred in the adolescent's peer group. This finding is consistent with the hypothesis that the domain shift takes place as a consequence of cognitive dissonance. The results also showed that the attitude towards delinquent behaviour and the prevalence of delinquent behaviour in the peer group both predicted a unique part of the variance in reported delinquent behaviour (RDB; 28% and 10%, respectively). The level of moral reasoning (measured by the Sociomoral Reflection Measure--Short Form [SRM-SF]) did not appear to be a significant predictor of RDB. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Protective factors for youth considered at risk of criminal behaviour: does participation in extracurricular activities help?
Burton, Jodi M.
Marshall, Lisa A.

Criminal Behaviour & Mental Health; Mar2005, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p46-64, 19p

Background There is a lack of research investigating the potential protective effect of participation in extracurricular activities on youth who are at risk of engaging in delinquent activity. Aim This study examined the potential for participation in extracurricular activities to act as a protective factor for youth deemed at risk of engaging in delinquent activity. Method One hundred and sixty-nine secondary students from Glasgow, Scotland completed two questionnaires (the Youth Self-Report and an additional information sheet) requesting information about their participation in extracurricular and delinquent activities as well as their possible risk factors. Activities included sports, non-sports (hobbies and games), current activities (youth clubs and other organisations) and previous involvement in activities. Risk factors included residing in a broken home, having four or more siblings, academic failure and lacking a non-parental very important person. Delinquent activities included rule-breaking and aggressive behaviours. Results Independent samples t-tests found that females participated in significantly more non-sports and previous activities than males and that males participated in significantly more rule-breaking behaviour than females. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses found that gender and participation in sports were strong predictors of rule-breaking behaviour. A significant positive correlation was found between participation in sports and involvement in aggressive behaviour. Conclusion The results suggest that participation in extracurricular activities does not act as a protective factor for youth, regardless of whether or not they are considered to be at risk of engaging in delinquent activity. The significant correlation found between participation in sports and involvement in aggressive behaviour suggests that youth participation in sports may act as a risk factor. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Youth Deviance in Japan: Class Reproduction of Non-Conformity.
Rynn, M. Y.

Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries; Feb2005, Vol. 42 Issue 6, p1107-1107, 1/6p

Reviews the book "Youth Deviance in Japan: Class Reproduction of Non-Conformity," by Robert Stuart Yoder.

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does dropping out of high school cause deviant behavior? an analysis of the national education longitudinal study.
Drapela, Laurie A.

Deviant Behavior; Jan/Feb2005, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p47-62, 16p

After nearly 40 years of research, the relationship between dropping out of high school and law-violating behavior remains unclear: Some studies show a criminogenic effect of dropout status on crime and deviance, others show an inhibiting effect, and still others find no effect. Using three waves of a nationally representative panel sample of eighth graders, the following study attempts to explain these conflicting findings by exploring the theoretical and temporal dimensions of the dropout-drug use problem. Results show that these two variables are weakly associated with one another and that antecedents to dropout, such as school discipline problems and pre-dropout levels of drug use, have more substantive effects on post-dropout adolescent drug use than dropout status. The effects of these weak stakes in conformity on both dropping out and later drug use are consistent with a Social Control theory perspective on adolescent deviance. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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CONTRIBUTORS TO THIS ISSUE.
TANG, Joyce
DUNN, Jennifer L.
FORD, Jason A.

Sociological Inquiry; Feb2005, Vol. 75 Issue 1, p151-152, 2p

This article presents information on those people who contributed a lot in the publication of the current issue of the journal Sociological Inquiry. Some of the contributors are: Jennifer L. Dunn, assistant professor of sociology at Southern Illinois University in Carbondale, where she teaches courses in social problems, social psychology, deviance, and victims of crime; Jason A. Ford, assistant professor of sociology at the University of Central Florida. His research interests include substance use, life course criminology, and deviant behavior; Joyce Tang, associate professor and deputy chair of the sociology department at Queens College of the City University of New York. Her research interests include stratification and mobility, and science and technology.

The Labeling Game: A Conceptual Exploration of Deviance on the internet
Denegri-Knott, Janice
Taylor, Jacqui

Social Science Computer Review; Spring2005, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p93-107, 15p

This article thaws on sociological and psychological theory to explore the meaning application of deviance to behaviors observed on the Internet. First, definitions of deviance in online and offline contexts are discussed. Observations of the Internet as a so-called yet-to-be-normalized environment present a conflicting scenario for labeling emergent behaviors as deviant. The question stands as to whether deviance is an appropriate term to apply to some behavior observed on the Internet. The second section examines deviance on the Internet at a macro, cybercultural level and at a micro, communicational level using two key examples to illustrate some of the issues raised earlier in defining deviance. The sharing of mp3 files is used as an example to illustrate problems in definition at a macro level and at a microlevel; psychological approximations to normative and antinormative communication on the Net are discussed, using flaming as an example.

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About the Authors.

Deviant Behavior; Nov/Dec2004, Vol. 25 Issue 6, p603-603, 1p

This article describes the qualifications of academic writers who contributed to a 2004 issue of the scholarly "Deviant Behavior" periodical. Amie Aragones is a graduate student in the Department of Sociology at Tulane University. Timothy Brezina is associate professor of sociology at Tulane University. Clifton Bryant is sociology professor at Virginia Tech University. Matthew DeMichele is an adjunct instructor and doctoral student at University of Kentucky. Andrew Hathaway is a research scientist at Toronto's Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. Ann Callender served as a managing editor of the "Journal of the Society for Social Studies of Science". Knefel Richard Tewksbury is professor of justice administration at University of Louisville.

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The Effect of Choice-Making as an Intervention for Problem Behavior: A Meta-Analysis.
Shogren, Karrie A.
Faggella-Luby, Michael N.
Bae, Sung Jik
Wehmeyer, Michael L.

Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions; Fall2004, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p228-237, 10p

Supporting people with disabilities in expressing preferences and making choices is a core value in positive behavior support. Indeed, in recent years, the field has increasingly focused its attention on the importance of making choices and the potential benefits of choice- making opportunities in enhancing the quality of life of people with disabilities. In addition, an emerging database is suggesting that providing opportunities to make choices can serve as an intervention for decreasing problem behavior. The authors of this article examine the efficacy of the use of choice-making as an intervention for reducing problem behavior through a meta-analysis of single-subject research studies using choice-making as an intervention. A search of the PsycINFO and ERIC databases yielded 13 studies that met the meta-analysis criteria, with interventions affecting 30 participants. The impact of choice interventions was evaluated using the percentage nonoverlapping data and percentage zero data metrics. Overall, providing choice opportunities resulted in clinically significant reductions in the number of occurrences of problem behavior. The authors discuss the benefits of utilizing choice as an intervention and provide future directions for research in this area. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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RETHINKING THE IQ-DELINQUENCY RELATIONSHIP: A LONGITUDINAL ANALYSIS OF MULTIPLE THEORETICAL MODELS.
McGloin, Jean Marie
Pratt, Travis C.
Maahs, Jeff

JQ: Justice Quarterly; Sep2004, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p603-635, 33p, 5 charts, 1 diagram

Criminological research has consistently demonstrated a relationship between IQ and delinquency, yet scholars continue to debate the precise mechanisms by which IQ should have an effect on delinquency behavior. Although researchers typically view the IQ-delinquency relationship as a function of "school performance," additional explanations exist that have yet to be formally tested in conjunction with one another within the same analysis. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) we extend existing research by assessing the indirect effect of IQ on delinquency through three intervening processes: school performance, deviant peer pressure, and self-control. The results indicate strong support for the school performance model (especially when linked with self-control), yet considerable evidence exists of an indirect effect of IQ on delinquency through both deviant peer pressure and self-control. The implications for future theoretical development and integration are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Explaining the Effect of Marriage on Criminal Involvement: Theoretical Implications of Gender Differences.
Sowa, Marcy

Conference Papers -- American Sociological Association; 2004 Annual Meeting, San Francisco, p1-17, 17p

Previous research has identified the successful transition to marriage as an important factor contributing to this age-graded desistance from crime and deviance. Almost all previous research has focused on the effects of marriage on men. This research examines the impact of marriage on men and women and compares the ability of the three most prominent theoretical perspectives (social control, routine activities, differential association) to explain changes in criminal involvement over the course of marriage. Results of intra-individual change models indicate that while marriage does exert a crime suppression effect on men, women experience a short-term increase in criminal involvement followed by a longer-term decline. None of the three major theories effectively explains the reduction in men?s involvement in crime after marriage. However, differential association best explains both the short-term increase experienced by women as well as the subsequent longer-term decline. While the mechanism proposed by social control, attachment to partner, is associated with a significant decrease in men?s criminal involvement, this shift does not explain the decline in criminal involvement over the course of marriage. In addition, attachment to partner is associated with an increase in women?s criminal involvement. These results indicate that, for women, non-criminal friendships serve as a protection against increased criminal involvement after marriage and that womens? friendships play a very different role in women?s criminal involvement than men?s friendships. In addition, increased exposure to influential criminally involved friends after marriage may explain women?s increase in crime after marriage. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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State Maternal Infanticide Determinations as a Product of Official Concern for Deviant Behavior.
Johnson, Keith

Conference Papers -- American Sociological Association; 2004 Annual Meeting, San Francisco, p1, 8p

ABSTRACT Child abuse and neglect definitions are so widely varied that official statistics are highly suspect. Infanticide and child homicide statistics have been thought to be an exception, but they too have serious limitations. Careful analysis of such indeterminate deaths as SIDS are studied by multidisciplinary teams to diminish undefined cases and increase those defined as infanticide or homicide. A comparison of states that had statewide child death teams in 1995 against those lacking such teams or with partial or local coverage shows that the states with zero rates of maternal infanticide are primarily those with no or local child death teams. Findings based on those data appear to be an artifact of the official generation of infanticide data, not a result of maternal behavior. They also support the long held suspicion of unreliability of official statistics of deviance and theories of their social construction independent from being measures of actual behavior. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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The prodigal son
Sirks, A.J.B.

Journal of Legal History; Aug2004, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p151-160, 10p

In Roman society we encounter the luxuriosus, the dissolute whose vice was, that he could not restrain himself and indulged in excessive behaviour: usually drinking and whoring. This phenomenon was not restricted to the Roman Society: We find it in Judea (the prodigal son), in Europe in the Middle Ages, throughout the 17th through 19th century, and in every period and society the response to this deviant behaviour differed (disinheriting and banishing, putting into custody, obtaining a 'lettre de cachet', putting away into a lunatic asylum, sending away to the colonies), but the goal remained the same: saving the family the shame of a black sheep.

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about the authors.
CHAUDOIR, Nancy K.
GAUTHIER, Deann K.
GROV, Christian
MUIR, Kenneth B.

Deviant Behavior; Jul/Aug2004, Vol. 25 Issue 4, p399-399, 1p

The article provides a brief background about the authors who have contributed articles to vol.25, 2004 edition of the "Deviant Behavior" journal. The authors mentioned are Nancy K. Chaudoir, Deann K. Gauthier, Christian Grov, Spencer De Li, Kenneth B. Muir and Trina Seitz. It is mentioned that Chaudoir received her bachelor of arts degree from the University of Louisiana and her general areas of interest include deviance and gender. Gauthier is an associate professor at the University of Louisiana and she is interested in criminology, gender and death. Grov is a doctoral student at City University New York and his interests are deviance, sexuality, homophobia and public health. De Li is an assistant professor at the Florida State University and is exploring the gender-specific effects of social bonds and the interaction between self- and social-control. Muir teaches at the Appalachian State University with interests in media effects, media history and popular culture.

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theorizing non-linear communities: on social deviance and housing the homeless.
Arrigo, Bruce A.

Deviant Behavior; May/Jun2004, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p193-213, 21p

Theories of deviance abound; however, little attention has been given to the construction and meaning of deviance in postmodern society. According to some theorists, one conceptual variant of postmodernism is chaology or non-linear dynamical systems theory. In this article, the relevance of chaos theory for advancing our understanding of social deviance is examined. In particular, such notions as non-linearity, fractal space, attractors, self-similarity, bifurcations, and dissipative structures are described as constitutive of the postmodern agenda. These insights are then applied to the difficult and complex issue of housing the homeless, especially shelter strategies designed to create personhood and place for the poor and disenfranchised. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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about the authors.
ARRIGO, Bruce A.
FORSYTH, Craig J.

Deviant Behavior; May/Jun2004, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p301-302, 2p

This article introduces various authors who have contributed to the publication of the journal "Deviant Behavior." The author Bruce A. Arrigo is a professor in and chair of the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of North Carolina, Charlotte, North Carolina, with additional faculty appointments in the Psychology Department, the Public Policy Program, and the Center for Professional and Applied Ethics. He has authored more than 100 journal articles, chapters in books, and scholarly essays. The author Lynn S. Chancer is an associate professor in the Department of Sociology and anthropology at Fordham University. The author Craig J. Forsyth is a professor in and the Head of the Department of Criminal Justice and a professor of Sociology at the University of Louisiana. The author Anna K. King is a doctoral student in criminology at the University of Cambridge, where she is a Gates scholar and co-coordinator of the University of Cambridge Public Opinion Project. She earned her MA.

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Adult Social Bonds and Use of Internet Pornography.
Stack, Steven
Wasserman, Ira
Kern, Roger

Social Science Quarterly (Blackwell Publishing Limited); Mar2004, Vol. 85 Issue 1, p75-88, 14p

Sociological theories of deviant behavior have not been systematically applied to the problem of who uses and who does not use cyberpornography on the Internet. The present study contributes to the literature by providing the first systematic application of selected sociological theories of deviance to the problem of explaining use of cyberpornography. It tests a blended theoretical perspective, which includes measures from social control and opportunity theories of deviance, as well as measures of broader deviant lifestyles, as possible predictors of use of cyberporn. A key hypothesis is that persons with the strongest ties to conventional society will be less likely than others to use cyberporn. Complete data on 531 Internet users are taken from the General Social Surveys for 2000. Social bonds measures include religious, marital, and political ties. Measures of participation in sexual and drug-related deviant lifestyles, and demographic controls are included. The results of a logistic regression analysis found that among the strongest predictors of use of cyberporn were weak ties to religion and lack of a happy marriage. However, past sexual deviance (e.g., involvement in paid sex) was also a strong predictor of cyberporn use. Overall the model explained 40 percent of the variance in porn use on the Internet. Traditional theoretical perspectives on deviance are apparently applicable to this new form of deviant behavior. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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about the authors. 

Deviant Behavior; Mar/Apr2004, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p191-192, 2p

Provides information on authors who contributed articles on deviant behavior, that were published in the 2004 edition of the periodical "Deviant Behavior".

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